Frequently Asked Questions

To find out more about the Green Ridge Recycling and Disposal Facility, please review the FAQs listed below. The FAQs have been divided into the following sections:

Public Meeting Questions and Answers - Updated on 12/20/2019
Approval Process & Regulations
Traffic Prevention
Odor Management
Water Management
Sound/Light/Fire Management
Future Land Use


Why is County Waste of Virginia building the Green Ridge Recycling and Disposal Facility in Cumberland County?

We chose Cumberland County because the locality is an ideal location for the facility. County Waste of Virginia mostly services central and southwestern Virginia, which makes Cumberland County geographically attractive. Also, there are a number of other facilities in the central Virginia region that are quickly approaching their maximum capacity, increasing the demand for new disposal capacity within the region. In addition, the County has previously recognized the significant economic and other benefits that a sanitary landfill would bring to the County, as well as the competitive advantage a facility would provide Cumberland County in attracting business and industry, especially as other area facilities reach capacity.

Why did County Waste of Virginia choose this site?

The Green Ridge Recycling and Disposal Facility site will be located on the far eastern side of Cumberland County. Traffic from the east will account for 80-85 percent of the volume, so the location of the site minimizes the amount of traffic passing through the rest of the County. Beyond just the geographical location, the land at the site has historically been utilized as timberlands and is located in the Piedmont Physiographic province, making the site’s topography and geology suitable for a landfill.

How much land will the landfill utilize?

The Green Ridge Recycling and Disposal Facility property consists of approximately 1,200 acres, of which approximately 240 acres in the western portion of the facility will be used for waste disposal based on the current conceptual design. In addition to the landfill disposal unit, acreage will be needed for borrow areas, stockpile areas, stormwater management, leachate and gas management, scales and scale house, offices and maintenance facilities, parking and trailer storage, citizen convenience and recycling center, roads and compliance monitoring. The acreage of the ancillary activities necessary for landfill operation is estimated to be 200 acres, with the remaining 760 acres used for buffers, roads and other non-landfill activities. Final acreage of the layout of the facility will depend on VDEQ permitting

What will the dimensions of the landfill be?

The shape of the disposal unit is irregular. The approximate dimensions of the disposal unit are anticipated to be approximately 6,000 feet long and 1,250 to 3,000 feet wide. The final configuration will be determined through the permitting process. The disposal areas will be constructed in smaller phases or cells. Conceptually at this time, each cell will be approximately 30 acres, but actual sizing will be based on VDEQ permitting. Per VDEQ regulations, the outer slopes of the landfill can be no steeper than 3:1 and the top of the landfill can be no less than 5%. Outer slopes can be modified by variance if calculations indicate that the final slopes will be stable. The entrance road is approximately 6,500 feet long from the entrance at Route 60 to Miller Lane.

Will the facility impact the property value of neighboring landowners?

A number of studies have been conducted on the impact of landfills on property values with varying conclusions. Impact is a function of existing land use, tonnage, operations and buffers. Given the current requirements of the Conditional Use Permit, Green Ridge believes that there will be limited impact on property values to the adjoining properties, and Green Ridge will diligently work to prevent a reduction in adjacent property value. Green Ridge will make every effort to ensure we are exemplary neighbors by making certain that any and all potential impacts are monitored to the best of our ability. With that said, if there are any neighboring property owners who would like to sell their property to Green Ridge, we would be willing to discuss buying your property for fair market value.

As a testament to our commitment to the neighbors of Green Ridge, we offered the Green Ridge Property Value Assurance Program , which was utilized by nearly half of all eligible participants.

Where will the Green Ridge Recycling and Disposal Facility be located?

The Green Ridge Recycling and Disposal Facility will be located on the far eastern side of Cumberland County, just north of Route 60 at its intersection with State Route 654. It will be developed between State Route 654 and State Route 685.

Where can I see a site plan of the facility?

The plan can be reviewed at the County Administration office. Once the Part A, Hydrogeologic Evaluation is submitted to VDEQ for review, a set of those documents including mapping will be placed at the County Administration office. In addition, when the Part B design is submitted to VDEQ for review, a set of those documents including mapping will be placed at the same office. To view the documents, please arrange with the County Administrator’s Senior Executive Assistant, Sierra Duncan, who can be reached at (804) 492-3625.


Who owns the landfill?

The Green Ridge Recycling and Disposal Facility landfill will be owned by a subsidiary of County Waste of Virginia, LLC (“CWV”), which is a GFL Environmental Services Company.

Who owns County Waste of Virginia?

The Green Ridge Recycling and Disposal Facility landfill will be owned by a subsidiary of GFL Environmental, Inc.

Who is on the Green Ridge Recycling and Disposal Facility landfill management team?

The Green Ridge Recycling and Disposal Facility landfill management team consists of Jerry Cifor, who is the Officer and Director, and Jay Zook, who will serve as the General Manager. This team will also be supported by professional design engineers, professional geologists and environmental scientists during the design, permitting, construction and operation of the facility.

What experience does County Waste of Virginia have in managing landfills?

While Green Ridge is a newly formed company and has never, as an entity, owned or operated a landfill, almost everyone on the company’s management team has extensive experience in managing landfills. Jay Zook, who will be the General Manager for the landfill, was the former operations manager at the Shoosmith Landfill in Chester, Virginia – a 5,000+ ton per day landfill. Jerry Cifor, who will be the Officer and Director for the landfill, previously worked for Waste Management and managed 19 different landfills in Michigan, Ohio, Indiana and Kentucky. Between them, Jay Zook and Jerry Cifor have over 30+ years of experience in operating and managing landfills.

Furthermore, this team will be supported by professional design engineers, professional geologists and environmental scientists during the design, permitting, construction and operation of the facility. Draper Aden Associates, the engineering firm for the facility, has extensive experience in all aspects of solid waste management including design/permitting/construction of landfills, landfill operations and environmental compliance. Draper Aden has worked on over 1000 solid waste projects including more than 200 landfill designs, 70 landfill closure projects, and 50 materials recovery/transfer/convenience center projects. They have designed groundwater monitoring programs at more than 100 facilities, including over 60 landfills and have conducted groundwater corrective action at more than 50 sites. In total, Draper Aden has over 35 years of involvement in the solid waste field and is supported in-house through their surveying, geotechnical, structural and site planning teams.


What is the capacity of the landfill?

The total capacity of the landfill including the liner, cap, cover materials and waste is approximately 51,800,000 cubic yards. However, the actual capacity of the landfill will depend on site characteristics, VDEQ permitting and County site planning.

How long will the landfill operate?

How long the landfill will operate depends on the incoming waste stream, tonnage, compaction and final design. If 3,500 tons per day are received, then the facility would remain open for approximately 30 years. The lifespan would decrease to 25 years at 5,000 tons per day.

What type of waste will Green Ridge receive?

The facility will only receive nonhazardous solid waste, which is predominately comprised of municipal solid waste and construction and demolition debris as defined in the VDEQ regulations, 9VAC20-81-10. The types of wastes that can be accepted will be identified in the Facility’s permit. The Green Ridge Recycling and Disposal Facility WILL NOT accept medical and infectious waste, and has agreed not to accept industrial or wastewater treatment plant sludge or processed Construction and Demolition Debris materials that contain processed sheetrock because of the odor that such processed sheetrock can emit. The VDEQ has a process to evaluate future waste types if they are considered special wastes to assure compliance with the permit.

Will the facility operate at night?

Yes. Doing so will minimize traffic impacts on the community during peak hours and a majority of the waste will be received by the facility during off-peak hours.

What are the hours of operation?

The facility will operate 24 hours a day, Monday through Friday, starting at 6:00 AM on Monday and ending at Midnight on Friday. On Saturday, the landfill operations will run from 6:00 AM to 4:00 PM. The landfill will be closed on Sunday. Green Ridge will provide drop off stations for household waste, limited agriculture waste, and recyclables free of charge to County residents and the County government. The drop off station, known as a Convenience Center, will be open to the public Monday through Friday from 8:00 AM to 5:00 PM and on Saturday from 8:00 AM to 2:00 PM.

Is the open trash area covered each day?

Yes. Per the requirements of the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality, the open trash area will be covered each day.

Can County Waste of Virginia sell the facility to some other company at any time?

Yes. It is possible that someone could acquire the Green Ridge Recycling and Disposal Facility, but that is not our intention at this time. We expect to be operating in Cumberland County for decades. A change of ownership will require a minor permit modification with VDEQ, especially if there are changes in the service area or tonnage.

Where would most of the waste come from?

The waste that would be received by this facility would predominately come from central and southwestern Virginia. Furthermore, a majority of the waste will come from the existing County Waste of Virginia collection operations within the Commonwealth. No waste will be accepted from New York or New Jersey.

Who will be able to use the facility?

The Green Ridge Recycling and Disposal Facility will include a Convenience Center for use by residents of Cumberland County as well as the County itself. Residents will not be allowed back to the working face of the landfill. The Convenience Center will include facilities for collection of bulky waste items, MSW, scrap metal and some recyclables. County residents will not be charged to use the Convenience Center but they will have to cross the scales and weigh in.

Are there any restrictions on what type of material can go into the landfill?

Yes. The type of material that can be received by the landfill is strictly dictated by the restrictions laid out by the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (see 9VAC20-81-140), as well as the Host Community Agreement with Cumberland County and conditions in the Conditional Use Permit. With that said we are refusing to accept any hazardous waste, medical or infectious waste, fly ash or industrial/wastewater treatment sludge as well as reprocessed sheet rock.

Will TENORM (technologically enhanced naturally occurring radioactive material) be disposed of at this facility?

While it is possible that Green Ridge Recycling and Disposal Facility could receive Coal Fly Ash, which is considered a TENORM product, it will not be accepted as waste. TENORM is predominately a byproduct of resource extraction, and there is a minimal amount of that occurring within the general vicinity of this landfill.

How will the site be secured?

The facility is required by the VDEQ to be secured. A combination of fencing, gates and natural barriers will secure the site. Surveillance systems will be used as needed. Security is needed to protect infrastructure, equipment and the landfill operations. The general public will not be allowed to access any part of the landfill disposal area.

Will there be regular trash clean up along the roads from trash blowing off of trucks?

The roads that will be under the company’s control will be kept clean and clear by the facility management team, but it is our hope that any loose trash will be minimal given that most of the waste that this facility will receive will be coming from secured (“tarped”) tractor trailers. Furthermore, given that the private road leading up to the facility will be approximately one mile long, we believe that we will be able to prevent as much loose trash as practically possible, and Green Ridge will sweep the entrance road daily on days it is open.

Approval Process & Regulations

Who makes the decision whether a landfill can operate at this site?

The Cumberland County Board of Supervisors and the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality will independently make the decision whether the Green Ridge Recycling and Disposal Facility will be approved. The approval process is multi-phased. The first phase requires local government to approve the project. The next phases include permitting with VDEQ that will require various public meetings. Once local government approval is received, the permitting and approval of the project rests with VDEQ. However, the County will still have the opportunity to approve site plans for various activities on the site, in particular the land disturbing activities.

How will the landfill be regulated?

The Virginia Department of Environmental Quality will regulate the landfill as outlined in the Virginia Solid Waste Management Regulations, 9VAC20-81. VDEQ will conduct scheduled and unscheduled inspections as they deem necessary. Furthermore, Green Ridge will also be funding a local full-time County engineer employed by and answerable only to the County to serve as a liaison and landfill monitor. Additional agencies and entities will be involved with the landfill permitting and regulation. As with most projects this size, there are “Waters of the US” on the property and as such the Army Corps of Engineers will be involved. The VDEQ Air Division and Water Division will also be overseeing various aspects of the operations.

How does the approval process work?

The approval process is a multi-stage process with opportunities for public input. Generally the process flows as follows:

  • The law requires that the facility developer and local government forge a Host Agreement which outlines various conditions of development and operation of the facility.
  • The facility developer requests the property be rezoned (if necessary) and seeks a conditional use permit from the Board of Supervisors for the development of the landfill and its associated infrastructure. This process is conducted in accordance with the locality’s land use ordinances and requires approval by the County Board of Supervisors.
  • Upon approval of the conditional use permit, the developer can file a Notice of Intent (NOI) with the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (VDEQ), notifying VDEQ of the intent to permit a landfill. The NOI carries very specific submittal requirements, which are found at 9VAC20-81-450.B. In particular, the NOI must include a statement from the locality that the location and operation of the facility will be in accordance with all applicable local ordinances and in accordance with the solid waste plan. The NOI must also include a statement describing the steps taken to seek comments from the residents of the area where the landfill is proposed to be located regarding the siting and operation of the landfill. (There are many other requirements for submittal also can also be found at the citation above.)
  • Once the NOI, is filed, the developer then prepares and submits the first part of the formal VDEQ permitting application. The first part is identified as the “Part A”. This application provides the information essential for assessment of the site suitability for the proposed facility. Information on submittal requirements can be found at 9VAC20-81-450.C and at 9VAC20-81-460. Key to this submittal is the preparation of the site hydrogeologic and geotechnical reports, the landfill impact statement and an adequacy report from VDOT relative to transportation impacts.
  • Once the Part A is approved, the developer prepares and submits the second part of the formal VDEQ permitting application. The second part is identified as the “Part B.” This application involves the submission of the detailed engineering design and operating plans for the proposed facility. Information on submittal requirements can be found at 9VAC20-81-450.D and at 9VAC20-81-470. Key to this submittal is the development of detailed design plans, preparation of supporting calculations, development of descriptive narratives and identification of the financial assurance instrument to be used for the facility to address future closure and post closure care activities.
  • The regional solid waste management plan must be modified to address the new facility and approved by the regional members and VDEQ prior to final approval of the landfill permit.
  • The VDEQ permit application is coordinated with other regulatory agencies by VDEQ.
  • If the application is found to be technically acceptable and in full compliance with the regulations, a draft permit is developed by VDEQ and a public comment period advertised. A public hearing shall be advertised and held by VDEQ for a new facility.
  • A decision to permit, to deny a permit or to modify the draft permit shall be rendered by the VDEQ within 90 days of the close of the hearing comment period.
  • Site Plans and Land Disturbance permits must be submitted to the local government and approved prior to construction.
  • VDEQ air permit application must be submitted and approved prior to construction.
  • VDOT permit applications must be submitted and approved prior to construction.
  • ACOE/VDEQ wetland permit applications must be submitted and approved prior to construction.

How long will the approval process take?

The approval process for this landfill site can take anywhere from 12 to 36 months.

How can I get involved in the development process?

There will be multiple opportunities to engage in discussion at public meetings at the County proceedings, as well as during the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality approval process. Public notices will be made and distributed so that everyone in the community will be informed when and where the meetings will be taking place.

How can the public provide input on the proposed project?

There are prescribed opportunities through the permitting processes for public comment. In addition, at any time throughout the approval process, the public is encouraged to comment either through written comment or in-person during the Cumberland County and Virginia Department of Environmental Quality public meetings. You may also contact Green Ridge and we will be happy to try to answer your questions.


What are the project’s economic benefits?

The landfill will provide significant economic and environmental benefits to Cumberland County. For example, the landfill will provide host community benefits to Cumberland County that will range from $1.4 million to $2.8 million per year. To put that in perspective, Cumberland County’s local revenue from the entire County last year was approximately $14 million dollars. In addition to the host fees, Green Ridge will also contribute to the local revenue through machinery, equipment and tools taxes, estimated to be $52,000 and $67,000 per year (Green Ridge estimates it will have $7 million to $9 million worth of equipment on site). Green Ridge has also agreed to pay Cumberland County $25,000 for environmental science education programs and another $25,000 for recreational programs each year of the landfill’s lifetime. Finally, Green Ridge will also be providing Cumberland County with 10% of the methane gas royalties on the gas that is collected at the facility.

Will the facility create local jobs?

Yes. There will be a significant number of construction jobs related to the landfill. In addition, the Green Ridge Recycling and Disposal Facility will require approximately 30+ personnel in their operations. Positions will include administrative staff, laborer, mechanics, equipment operators, and licensed CDL truck drivers. Green Ridge will give preference to qualified local residents when considering job applications. Green Ridge has also agreed to partner with the local community college to help set up a CDL and Mechanic education program, using the facility’s vehicles.

How many jobs will be created?

The Green Ridge Recycling and Disposal Facility will employ approximately 30 individuals for their operations. Jobs will include clerical, laborer, mechanics, equipment operators, and licensed CDL truck drivers. Beyond direct employment, the facility will likely require 10+ jobs per year on average through third-party contractors. In addition, it is anticipated that over the lifetime of the landfill, construction costs will range from $125 million to $150 million, creating a significant opportunity for those in the construction industry.

What types of jobs will be onsite?

The landfill will require heavy equipment operators, licensed CDL truck drivers, mechanics, engineers, management and administrative staff, as well as general laborers.

What are the salary levels of employees?

The average annual salaries for our employees will exceed $60,000 per year with full benefits.

Traffic Prevention

How will the facility affect local traffic?

To obtain the final VDEQ permit for the Green Ridge Recycling and Disposal Facility, the Virginia Department of Transportation (VDOT) provides its analysis on the traffic impact of the facility through the issuance of an adequacy report to VDEQ. VDOT will consider impact to existing transportation networks and the requirements for the entrance and modifications to existing state roads to assure that the network is not significantly disrupted and that safety is maintained. Because the landfill is located on the far eastern side of the County, limited impact is anticipated as the majority of the incoming and outgoing traffic should be coming from or going towards the eastern portions of the County on Route 60. Green Ridge controls much of the incoming waste hauling traffic and can control transportation routes of its trucks and timing of deliveries. It is currently envisioned that much of the waste will be delivered at night to alleviate stress on Route 60 during the day. The intersection of the landfill access road and Route 60 will require turning lanes and possibly other improvements. The final design of the entrance and access road will be coordinated with VDOT.

How many truckloads per day will there be?

We expect 175 to 250 truckloads on average each day. The majority of the loads will arrive on site during off-peak hours, therefore minimizing traffic.

How will waste be transported to the site?

Waste will primarily be transported to the facility by tractor trailers from County Waste of Virginia transfer stations; however there will also be several routed trash trucks per day and carloads from local residents from Cumberland County.

Will trucks be parked along the side of the road waiting to get in?

No. The facility will have its own mile-long private road into the landfill. This will allow for a significant amount of queuing space for incoming trucks. Additionally, given the landfill site’s around-the-clock hours, it will be uncommon for trucks to have to wait any time at all to gain access to the landfill.

Will dirt and mud be tracked onto the road from trucks leaving the site?

The access road from State Route 60 to the landfill is approximately 8,000 feet long. Green Ridge will keep this road free from dirt and mud through proper housekeeping within the facility and by sweeping the road periodically as needed. Because of the length of the access road and the ability of Green Ridge to keep this road clean, minimal mud should be tracked on to public roads.

Odor Management

Will I be able to smell the facility?

It will be highly unlikely that there will be any odor concerns created by the facility because the site will not accept sludge and processed sheet rock; however there may be rare occasions, typically weather related, that might cause some odor concerns. The permit will require that the facility have an Odor Management Plan and a mechanism for logging complaints. VDEQ can also be contacted should odor become an issue. However, as soon as practical, Green Ridge will install an active gas collection system and/or other gas/odor management systems that will further mitigate odors from the facility.

What is being done to limit the odor from the facility?

While municipal solid waste consists of putrescible materials that will decompose and create methane gas and potentially odors, typically odors from landfills are created by the acceptance of sludge and other materials. Green Ridge will not accept either industrial or wastewater treatment plant sludges, will not recirculate their leachate and will control incoming debris waste that may have significant quantities of processed dry wall. Control of the incoming waste stream, in particular these three items, will greatly minimize odor. In addition, there are mechanical systems that can control odor. The most important one is an active gas control system that removes gas from the landfill and flares it, eliminating odors. In addition, there are odor suppression systems that can be installed to provide additional odor management. Green Ridge will install an active gas system as soon as practical (dependent on waste volume and fill configuration) and consider the installation of other odor management systems if needed.

What will be done to control methane gas on the site?

Landfill gas is produced as putrescible/organic waste materials in the landfill decompose. Landfill gas is approximately 50% methane and 50% carbon dioxide with a small amount of non-methane organic compounds. The rate of decomposition and the production of landfill gas is a function of the amount of waste material, moisture and temperature. Typically, in the first year of waste placement, the waste is under aerobic conditions and landfill gas will not be produced. However, at some point in time, conditions will become anaerobic and landfill gas will be produced. The rate of decomposition can be controlled through facility operations and management of the incoming waste stream. However, the facility will produce methane gas and the permit requires that the landfill have a gas management plan. Green Ridge controls the off-site migration of landfill gas through the liner and cover systems and is required to install a subsurface monitoring system at the property boundary. It will also install an active gas system as soon as practical (dependent on waste volume and fill configuration) that removes gas from the facility and flares it or utilizes it beneficially for energy production. The active gas system must be permitted and will be part of the facility’s air permit.

Water Management

What steps will be taken to ensure that groundwater will be protected?

Per the regulatory requirements of the USEPA and Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (VDEQ), all landfills must be lined to protect the underlying groundwater from contamination from fluids from the landfill. The VDEQ sets forth the requirements for liner design and construction under 9VAC20-81-130.J and outlines the permit submittal requirements for liner design in VDEQ Submission Instruction No. 2. All liner design must be completed by a professional engineer registered in Virginia. The Green Ridge Recycling and Disposal Facility will install a liner system meeting all the requirements of the VDEQ regulations. The liner system will consist of 12” controlled subgrade, geosynthetic clay liner, 60 mil HDPE membrane, 16 oz. geotextile and gravel leachate collection layer. Leachate collected from the facility will be transmitted to permitted storage facilities and treated as permitted.

In addition, at closure, the facility will place a cap system consisting of a controlled subgrade, gas collection layer, geosynthetic clay liner, 40 mils LLDPE membrane, and 24” soil cover. This will restrict infiltration into the closed landfill and reduce leachate production over time.

The facility by permit will be required to implement a groundwater monitoring program in accordance with 9VAC20-81-250. This program identifies the compliance monitoring points, sampling and monitoring activities, statistical evaluations, and reporting requirements. Compliance monitoring points are identified and installed based on the hydrogeologic conditions identified in the Part A. The program is designed under the auspices of a certified groundwater scientist and professional geologist. All reporting to VDEQ is considered public information.

Green Ridge will also develop a residential sampling program based on the hydrogeologic information developed in the Part A. Under this program, routine sampling of drinking water wells will be offered to owners of certain wells, with analytical results provided to the owner.

Based on the information above, the groundwater will be protected through the design elements of the landfill and human health protected through the compliance monitoring system.

How will leachate be managed at the site?

Leachate is defined as the fluids that are generated by precipitation into the landfill. Green Ridge is required by regulation to have a leachate management plan (See 9VAC 20-81-201 and VDEQ Submission Instruction 10). The plan must outline all design parameters for the leachate collection system (within the landfill cell), provide design for the leachate collection system outside of the landfill cell, provide estimated quantities, outline storage requirements and provide design for the storage facilities, and identify any on-site or off-site treatment facilities. It is probable that this facility will collect their leachate and haul it to a permitted wastewater treatment plant. The facility or facilities have not been identified at this time. However, the permit for the facility must contain information from the receiving facilities that leachate from the facility will be accepted in the quantities projected. The receiving facility will set any testing requirements.

Any on-site treatment, which is not currently anticipated, would have to be fully permitted under the VDEQ – VPDES permitting program with appropriate public notification.

How will Green Ridge manage stormwater at the site?

Stormwater management is a key element of the landfill permit as well as local site planning. Stormwater management will include appropriately sized conveyance channels and stormwater basins as well as erosion and sediment control elements. Design of the stormwater management system is based on VDEQ and local requirements. Prior to construction, the County will also need to approve the stormwater management system for that aspect of construction.

Under 9VAC25-35-120A, the facility will be required to have a VPDES – General Stormwater Permit for Industrial Activities – Sector L or an individual permit for point source stormwater runoff. The VPDES permit includes monitoring and reporting requirements for characterization of stormwater runoff from identified point source discharges, typically the outfall from the stormwater basins. The VPDES requires the preparation of a Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan which includes additional inspection requirements.

How will runoff from heavy rainfall events be managed?

Sizing of all stormwater management structures must meet specific criteria for prescribed weather events. Care will be given to all control structures to assure adequacy in the case of significant rainfall events. Storm water by permit and local ordinance must be collected in basins prior to discharge off-site and the adequacy of off-site receiving channels verified.

What happens if the liner leaks?

Landfill liner systems are prescribed by US EPA and VDEQ regulations. The liner systems outlined in the regulations were developed by noted scientists and engineers prior to becoming regulation. These systems offer the highest level of protection and have been adopted not only in the United States but also across the world. Liner designs are certified by a professional engineer registered in Virginia. Liner installation is also completed under a rigorous quality control/quality assurance program and final documentation must be certified by a professional engineer that the work was completed in accordance with all permit conditions and the regulations.

A key component of the liner system, in addition to the membrane and clay protective layers, is the leachate collection system, which is designed and maintained to remove fluids that could leak through the liner system. By regulation, the depth that fluids that can “pool” on the liner is minimized to reduce the potential to create pressure that could cause a leak.

With that said, the US EPA and VDEQ, requires an “early warning system” should the liner leak. This system consists of a series of groundwater monitoring wells, scientifically located based on the subsurface conditions identified in the Part A, to intersect any potential contamination from a leak in the landfill liner system. Should evidence of a leak be identified the facility will be required to develop a corrective action plan that will assure the protection of human health and the environment.

What are the chances that it could leak?

In establishing regulations relative to landfill liner design, the US EPA and VDEQ have acknowledged that it is possible but improbable that a landfill liner will leak at some time. The liner system is designed as a composite system with an underlying clay component and an overlying membrane with a leachate collection and removal system. A puncture or seam failure in the membrane would be “sealed” by the underlying clay liner and the leachate collection and removal system would be sufficient to draw large quantities of fluids away from the leakage point. In addition, there is an early warning groundwater monitoring system in place to identify any changes in the groundwater. Thus, while there is a small chance that the liner could leak, it is highly unlikely, and there are redundant systems in place to monitor and mitigate impact to human health or the environment from any leakage.

Sound/Light/Fire Management

What can I expect to hear from the facility?

The Host Community Agreement and Conditional Use Permit specify the maximum allowable levels of noise (67 decibels at the facility’s perimeter, which is equivalent to a household dishwasher) and those thresholds will be strictly maintained and enforced by the County.

Will the facility have bright lights?

Green Ridge will have several different types of lighting requirements. They are identified as follows:

  • Entrance to access road off State Route 60 – lighting will be approved by VDOT and the County
  • Lighting along access road
  • Lighting at scales and office area, maintenance facility and other key areas (e.g. leachate management system; active gas collection system.)
  • Lights at the working face of the landfill

The Conditional Use Permit addresses lighting requirements for the facility. The County will have the opportunity to approve lighting plans when final site plans are submitted for review.

What measures will be taken to ensure that a facility fire can be put out quickly?

To ensure that a landfill fire can be put out quickly, daily cover material (dirt and Rusmar foam) is stored close to the landfill’s working face which will allow for any potential fires to be quickly extinguished. Also, all of the heavy equipment on the landfill site will be equipped with fire extinguishers on board with the operators. There will also be an on-site water truck (mainly used to suppress dust), that can be utilized if need be to help extinguish any potential fires. A fire contingency plan must be included in the facility’s operations manual and placed on file with first responders.

Future Land Use

What can the land be used for once closed?

Because of the expense of the protective liner systems, most modern disposal facilities are typically designed with 3:1 side slopes with a minimum of 5% slopes on the top of the landfill. In addition, landfill gas extraction wells will cover the landfill cap area with a minimum of one well per acre. Thus, the actual disposal area of the landfill will be maintained as required under the permit post closure care plan and as green space but would not be suitable for community use.

However, there will be hundreds of acres at the facility which can be used in the future for other activities. These areas could include borrow areas, stockpile areas or even buffers. Some facilities have used the acreage not associated with disposal for storage/public work facilities, recreational fields, parks, golf courses, artist studios and even agriculture activities such as community gardens or greenhouses. Post closure use of the property can also consider the beneficial use of landfill gas as an energy source for heating or powering various activities.

Green Ridge will be required to maintain the landfill and all infrastructure for a minimum of 30 years in accordance with the facility’s post closure care plan.

How long is Green Ridge responsible for leaks or other damage after the site is closed?

Green Ridge is responsible for monitoring and maintaining the landfill site in accordance with its permitted Post Closure Care Plan for at least 30 years after closure is certified. Under the VDEQ regulations, the owner of a disposal facility is responsible for posting Financial Assurance with VDEQ in an amount sufficient to cover the post closure care period should the owner fail to meet its permit obligations. Financial Assurance regulations are found under 9VAC20-70.

Who owns the land once the landfill is closed?

Green Ridge and its affiliates will continue to own the land after the landfill is closed, with the exception of the 25 acres that Green Ridge will be conveying to Cumberland County.